Transportation Risks

Cannabis Transport Risk

There are billions to be made, but those transporting the product tread carefully.
By: | February 20, 2018 • 6 min read

While driving around with a hundred pounds of marijuana might be a criminal activity in most places, it’s just another part of the business day in states like California, Nevada and Colorado.

As legal marijuana gains a foothold across the United States, those in the industry say it’s an exciting and challenging time. With a small, high-value product and lots of cash involved, the risk of theft is high. Add in the myriad of state regulations and the prospect of a federal crackdown, and legal cannabis transportation can be a risky business.

 High Value Product with Big Risk

Recreational cannabis is now legal in eight states, and it is on track to become a $24 billion industry by 2025, according to the Cannabis Industry 2017 Annual Report. From the fields to counters of dispensaries, the growing industry continues to face a number of operational challenges due to its unique legal status.


Because cannabis remains illegal under federal law, many banks and insurers do not want to participate, leaving large parts of the industry unbanked and uninsured.

As a result, there are notable risks in transporting product. Cannabis distributors not only transport hundreds of pounds of high-value product but also six-figure sums of cash.

For transport companies like Hardcar Security in California, the risk is big. It took the company eight months to find insurance to cover their operations, product and cash, said CEO Todd Kleperis.

“You become a huge target [for criminals] and your risk profile is off the charts,” Kleperis says.

“It’s not an easy business to get in.”

Hardcar Security transports cannabis products and cash in California for the medical and recreational marijuana industry. Due to the risk involved, Hardcar operates more like a military operation than a transport company, Kleperis said.

Trucks are unmarked, armor-plated and equipped with bulletproof glass. Most drivers are former military veterans, travel armed, and take different routes to minimize risk.

“We want to make sure that when people see our trucks, they don’t know if its product or cash. I don’t even want them knowing what our trucks look like,” said Kleperis.

Green Insurance Options

The legal marijuana industry is in its infancy, but a few insurers and brokers are starting to enter the market. Zeyger Insurance in Calabasas, Calif., offers insurance to every area of the cannabis industry, from manufacturing and transportation to retail.

Zeyger president and founder Michael Senderovich has been attending cannabis industry meetings and events to stay in touch with the concerns and needs of businesses. There is strong interest coming from California, he said.

How to cover government seizure is the number one question when we’re at trade shows. It’s specifically excluded in every policy I’ve seen.– Denny Christner of Cannabis Insurance Associates

“There are already 10,000 applications in the city of Los Angeles alone, and they are all still pretty much pending. It’s moving very slowly, but there is a lot of interest. And they need insurance,” Senderovich said.

Much like any other industry, cannabis companies are seeking insurance products like general liability, workers’ compensation and product liability. What complicates the matter is that cannabis remains illegal under federal law and is subject to varying state and local laws, especially when it comes to transportation and distribution.

There is no straightforward path to coverage and every policy is written differently according to the market and risk, says Lisa Chaumont, vice president of underwriting, Cannabis Insurance Solutions, in Broomfield, Colo.

Denny Christner
Cannabis Insurance Associates

“It depends on a number of factors. Whether they are transporting for themselves or for a third party. Whether it is armored, how it is carried,” Chaumont said.

One of Chaumont’s main carriers offers a policy that covers up to $100,000 in product and up to $50,000 in cash.

One unique aspect is that product coverage is only triggered when an entire load is stolen. A typical deductible is $2,500, and while it can vary dramatically by strain, the average going rate for a pound of cannabis in California is $1,600.

While there are many brokers and insurers advertising coverage, many don’t offer the coverage cannabis companies really need, Senderovich said. Many have fine-print marijuana exclusions.

So, while policies may cover general liability, auto and property, they likely don’t cover cannabis. For those that do offer full coverage, the requirements can be high.

“Our insurance would not allow us to do both product and cash without armored trucks. There is no insurance carrier in the world that would do that,” Kleperis said.


“Seed to sale” regulatory systems in many legal states track products with packaging and barcodes from the time it leaves the farm until the time it is sold. This chain of custody not only helps regulators track product, but also can help insurers, Chaumont said.

In one recent claim for stolen product, the insurer was able to verify the cannabis all the way back through the system to the farm.

Good coverage also doesn’t come cheap, and underwriters want to see a lot of documents, including business licenses and appropriate state and local cannabis permits. In California, the Bureau of Cannabis Control started accepting applications for retailers and distributors in early-December.

“We get a lot of startups that don’t have a permit yet are looking for quotes or coverage, and we really can’t continue that process until they show proof. Underwriters are doing a good job of classifying and clearing the prospects,” said Denny Christner, CIC, Cannabis Insurance Associates, a division of Brown & Brown Insurance in Lafayette, Calif.

 Regulations and Federal Law Uncertain

Cannabis’ illegal status under federal law continues to be the biggest hurdle in the industry, one that scares away most insurers, Christner said. While federal legalization could make the industry “no different than alcohol,” challenges will remain as long as marijuana remains on the DEA’s list of Schedule I drugs, he said.

Michael Senderovich
President and Founder of Zeyger Insurance

The federal government has had a lax attitude over the past couple of years, but transporters cannot cross state lines or any place that is considered federal land.

At Hardcar, drivers are routed to ensure they do not approach any federally-regulated lands or risk going through federal checkpoints.

“If you cross a federal checkpoint anywhere within the state of California, you put yourself in immediate risk,” he said. “You have to route your drivers to ensure they’re not going anywhere near them.”

In December, the California Highway Patrol seized a vanload of 1,875 pounds of marijuana from distribution company Old Kai.

While the company produced documents proving they were complying with new state and local laws, authorities said it didn’t matter because the rules were not yet in place until January 1, 2018. And even within legal states, cities and counties are starting to create their own laws.

“How to cover government seizure is the number one question when we’re at trade shows. It’s specifically excluded in every policy I’ve seen,” Christner said.


And the risks from the federal level could be growing. U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced in early January 2018 the rescinding of an Obama-era policy that discouraged federal prosecutors from pursing marijuana-related charges in states that had legalized it.

Most in the industry say it’s symbolic only and unlikely to have any impact.

Politicians in legal states note that the federal government is unlikely to confront states given the growing public acceptance of marijuana use. Sessions did not order prosecutors to go after legal cannabis but instead said the decision would be up to each of the 93 U.S. district attorneys.

“It will be business as usual …The risk you put yourself at, personally and financially, is very high. But the bigger the risk, the bigger the potential windfall.

“The people who are now on top of the alcohol industry and are worth billions are those that took risk in the prohibition era,” Kleperis said. &

Craig Guillot is a writer and photographer, based in New Orleans. He can be reached at [email protected]

More from Risk & Insurance

More from Risk & Insurance

Risk Management

The Profession

Janet Sheiner, VP of risk management and real estate at AMN Healthcare Services Inc., sees innovation as an answer to fast-evolving and emerging risks.
By: | March 5, 2018 • 4 min read

R&I: What was your first job?

As a kid, bagging groceries. My first job out of school, part-time temp secretary.

R&I: How did you come to work in risk management?

Risk management picks you; you don’t necessarily pick it. I came into it from a regulatory compliance angle. There’s a natural evolution because a lot of your compliance activities also have the effect of managing your risk.

R&I: What is the risk management community doing right?


There’s much benefit to grounding strategic planning in an ERM framework. That’s a great innovation in the industry, to have more emphasis on ERM. I also think that risk management thought leaders are casting themselves more as enablers of business, not deterrents, a move in the right direction.

R&I: What could the risk management community be doing a better job of?

Justified or not, risk management functions are often viewed as the “Department of No.” We’ve worked hard to cultivate a reputation as the “Department of Maybe,” so partners across the organization see us as business enablers. That reputation has meant entertaining some pretty crazy ideas, but our willingness to try and find a way to “yes” tempered with good risk management has made all the difference.

Janet Sheiner, VP, Risk Management & Real Estate, AMN Healthcare Services Inc.

R&I: What was the best location and year for the RIMS conference and why?

San Diego, of course!  America’s Finest City has the infrastructure, Convention Center, hotels, airport and public transportation — plus you can’t beat our great weather! The restaurant scene is great, not to mention those beautiful coastal views.

R&I: What’s been the biggest change in the risk management and insurance industry since you’ve been in it?

The emergence of risk management as a distinct profession, with four-year degree programs and specific academic curriculum. Now I have people on my team who say their goal is to be a risk manager. I said before that risk management picks you, but we’re getting to a point where people pick it.

R&I: What emerging commercial risk most concerns you?


The commercial insurance market’s ability to innovate to meet customer demand. Businesses need to innovate to stay relevant, and the commercial market needs to innovate with us.  Carriers have to be willing to take on more risk and potentially take a loss to meet the unique and evolving risks companies are facing.

R&I: Of which insurance carrier do you have the highest opinion?

Beazley. They have been an outstanding partner to AMN. They are responsive, flexible and reasonable.  They have evolved with us. They have an appreciation for risk management practices we’ve organically woven into our business, and by extension, this makes them more comfortable with taking on new risks with us.

R&I: Are you optimistic or pessimistic about the U.S. health care industry and why?

I am very optimistic about the health care industry. We have an aging population with burgeoning health care needs, coupled with a decreasing supply of health care providers — that means we have to get smarter about how we manage health care. There’s a lot of opportunity for thought leaders to fill that gap.

R&I: Who is your mentor and why?

Professionally, AMN Healthcare General Counsel, Denise Jackson, has enabled me to do the best work I’ve ever done, and better than I thought I could do.  Personally, my husband Andrew, a second-grade teacher, who has a way of putting things into a human perspective.

R&I: What have you accomplished that you are proudest of?

In my early 20s, I set a goal for the “corner office.” I achieved that when I became vice president.  I received a ‘Values in Practice’ award for trust at AMN. The nomination came from team members I work with every day, and I was incredibly humbled and honored.

R&I: What is your favorite book or movie?

The noir genre, so anything by Raymond Chandler in books. For movies,  “Double Indemnity,” the 1944 Billy Wilder classic, with insurance at the heart of it!

R&I: What is your favorite drink?


Clean water. Check out for how to help people enjoy clean, safe water.

R&I: What’s the best restaurant at which you’ve eaten?

Liqun Roast Duck Restaurant in Beijing.

R&I: What is the most unusual/interesting place you have ever visited?

China. See favorite restaurant above. This restaurant had been open for 100 years in that location. It didn’t exactly have an “A” rating, and it was probably not a place most risk managers would go to.

R&I: What is the riskiest activity you ever engaged in?

Eating that duck at Liqun!

R&I: If the world has a modern hero, who is it and why?

Dr. Seuss who, in response to a 1954 report in Life magazine, worked to reduce illiteracy among school children by making children’s books more interesting. His work continues to educate and entertain children worldwide.

R&I: What do your friends and family think you do?

They’re not really sure!

Katie Dwyer is an associate editor at Risk & Insurance®. She can be reached at [email protected]