Upgrading Insurers’ Technology Systems Needn’t Be a Nightmare. These Slight Shifts in Perspective Can Help
For the past 40 years, insurance companies have been running off traditional legacy systems.
To a point, these systems have served a purpose for underwriters and claims managers, enabling them to write risks and handle claims more effectively than by hand.
However, over time, these systems have become cumbersome and outdated; data is held in silos and the relevant data pertaining to the risk is not being captured.
Given the vast amount of data they have to contend with on a daily basis and the push for digital transformation accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic, carriers and brokers are increasingly compelled to overhaul their systems and software just to keep pace with the latest technological advances.
Yet there are still many barriers to adoption, not least that the new platform may not be compatible or interact effectively with other systems used, or that it may have been superseded by a newer version by the time it’s up and running. Then there are the time, resources and large investment costs attached, which can run to tens of millions of dollars, not to mention the inevitable resistance to change among employees.
“Many of the carrier systems date back to the 1980s or ’90s, when mainframes were first introduced,” said Sandeep Deva, vice president of product development and technology at Exdion. “The cost of changing them can be huge, particularly the cost of moving the legacy data to the new system.”
A further issue for global businesses is that they often have to change different systems in multiple regions so they are all aligned, even while continuing to meet the needs of customers in those countries. As businesses grow faster and further than before, this is becoming an ever-larger problem.
In addition to the up-front cost of the equipment and software, there’s the associated expense of training on how to use it and upskilling. Another large cost is the impact on workflows and productivity as a result of migrating the data to a new system. Any significant disruption or downtime can have dire consequences for a firm’s profitability and reputation.
Rather than viewing their outlay on new technology as an expense, companies need to look at it as an investment in their business that they will get a return on over the long term. This technology debt that is paid off over time can be measured not only in financial results and efficiency gains but also in terms of customer satisfaction and retention.
To make the move to a new technology or system, firms must have in place a clear strategy that’s focused on the critical business needs they’re seeking to fulfill, such as boosting customer service, revenues and staff morale. This plan is also shaped by customer needs and requires a timescale to achieve it and a measurement of the final outcome.
To ensure that they have the right systems and software in place, firms need to engage with technology providers that specialize in the risk management industry. By evaluating their existing technology and requirements, they can deliver the solution that will continue to perform best as it evolves and is upgraded. This also means that they incur fewer costs because they don’t have to make wholesale changes and are nimbler when they do have to make changes.
“Many companies have merely upgraded or patched their legacy system to keep going for another year or two,” said William Porter, head of international programs for the Americas at Swiss Re Corporate Solutions. “But when they have to bite the bullet and integrate it with a new system, there’s so much they have to do in order to modernize it, in both time and money and resources.”
Ketan Pandit, CIO of QBE North America, added, “Businesses need to prioritize their critical systems, such as policy administration, billing and claims management. Once they have fixed those and ensured they are kept up to date, then they need to focus on the more peripheral ones; that way, they can get the right balance between cost and risk.”
Collaborating with other insurance partners is also beneficial. That applies both on the carrier side and the broker side.
“If you are a carrier working with a network of agents, or, on the flip side, if you’re an agent that does business with numerous carriers, you should open up a dialogue with them to see what they are doing and how their technology is performing,” said Prateek Sangal, vice president of digital distribution strategy at AmTrust. “They should also be able to share what they are seeing in terms of technology challenges and changes that you need to be aware of.”
Companies must also make sure that their new technology is compliant — not only with their own internal data privacy and security requirements but also with any federal, state or international rules or regulations. Only then can they move to the implementation phase.
“The implementation stage is critical,” said Gary Session, vice president, client success management at Exdion. “You don’t just simply flip a switch and start working on the new system — first of all, you have to ensure that the existing and new systems are compatible, and then you have to coordinate the migration of data between the two.”
Rather than make a wholesale transformation at the start, firms should carry out proof of concept and incremental changes to ensure that the technology works. That will save any unnecessary expense or time wasted.
“With all the modern technology and connectivity now available, companies don’t have to go the whole hog and replace their entire system,” said Guillaume Bonnissent, CEO of Quotech. “It also meets the requirements of the regulators, who want businesses to continue to use proven systems.”
To keep costs down, companies need to look at their existing capabilities and see if they can be repurposed to perform other tasks. Similarly, they should also consider what current systems and software can be decommissioned to free up some budget.
“Companies no longer have to rip and replace entire systems,” said Tim Hardcastle, CEO of Instanda. “There are many more vendors available now that can provide modern platforms that can be implemented quickly and cost-effectively in the part of the business where they are needed and provide a strong return on investment.”
In addition to the technology, firms need to ensure that their data is readily accessible in an easy-to-use format that can be seamlessly integrated with the relevant platforms. Once that data has been digitized in this manner, then new technology can be adopted that will integrate with it.
Without the right data, companies won’t be able to use technology to model for risks such as climate change and pandemics. By having it, they can gain a better view of their current portfolio and the impact such risks can have on it.
Moving forward, firms should also keep abreast of the latest trends and developments in technology. That ranges from reading reports by independent research firms and in the press to attending Insurtech and broker conferences. &