The Global Protection Gap Has Reached $1.2 Trillion — But There Might Be Good News Still

A Swiss Re study reports that the global economy has less capacity to absorb the impact of a shock than it did 10 years ago. But hope still remains.
By: | September 20, 2019

Think the economy is humming along just fine? Here’s a haunting statement that might get you rethinking things: The global economy has less capacity to absorb the impact of a shock than it did 10 years ago.

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That’s according to a new report from Swiss Re Institute, which found that 80% of the countries analyzed had lower resilience scores in 2018 than in 2007. 

Why are we less prepared for calamity than 10 years ago?

There’s a global insurance protection gap of $1.2 trillion in three key risk pools: natural catastrophe, mortality and health care, according to the report. That protection gap has more than doubled since 2000. 

“Emerging economies have the biggest gap in relative terms. Often, less than 10% of these risks are insured. The biggest protection gaps are in emerging Asia,” said Thomas Holzheu, chief economist Americas at the Swiss Re Institute and lead author of the report.

Switzerland, Canada, United States, Finland and Norway make up the most resilient economies. Latin America’s resilience levels have improved slowly since 2000.

Thomas Holzheu, chief economist, Americas, Swiss Re Institute

China and Japan’s resilience levels have remained roughly unchanged since 2007. India has become a little less economically resilient, mostly due to lower scores for the financial sector. 

The advanced markets struggling are facing declining economic resilience due to “a lack of structural reforms, exhaustion of monetary policy options and a challenging environment for banks,” according to the report. 

Nat Cats Hitting Hard

Preparation for natural catastrophes are a particular problem.

Swiss Re estimates that global natural catastrophe losses in 2018 resulting from three named perils hit $292 billion. Meanwhile, there was a protection gap of $222 billion in premium equivalent terms — leaving a protection gap of 76%.

That’s hardly ideal.

The largest protection gaps are as follows:

  • Earthquakes ($135 billion)
  • Floods ($50 billion) 
  • Storms ($37 billion)

But there’s hope. The insurance market is keeping up with natural catastrophe coverage, especially in North America, parts of Europe and in the mature regions of Asia Pacific. 

“Progress has been made, but there’s still a ways to go. There’s no room for complacency,” said Holzheu.

“It’s a multi-pronged approach where you have to work together with governments, raise awareness, create new products, perform data analytics, and better understand risks so the industry feels comfortable to take on these exposures to their balance sheets.”

The Trillion-Dollar Opportunity

Countries don’t succeed or fail in vacuums, especially in today’s global economy.

That means resilience is a global responsibility — and an incredible opportunity for insurers.

In fact, Swiss Re estimates that closing the insurance protection gap would improve global financial resilience by more than $1 trillion each year in the form of average insurance claims pay-outs for covered events.

Jerome Jean Haegeli, group chief economist, Swiss Re

It also estimates that insurers could generate an additional profit of $60 to $80 billion each year.

“It is a trillion-dollar opportunity for the insurance industry,” said Jerome Jean Haegeli, group chief economist at Swiss Re.

The insurance industry has largely kept pace with growing loss potentials and can do more to improve resilience.

Emerging markets, in particular, benefit more strongly from insurance protection than mature economies, which often have greater access to alternative sources of funding.”

How do we realize the overwhelming potential? 

“Governments, regulators, insurers and businesses need to work together to overcome the different supply-and-demand side barriers that hold back greater uptake of insurance,” the report said. 

For emerging economies, that means raising awareness about the ability of the insurance market to help those economies thrive. 

“To have insurance as part of policy mix of the country is as important as developing a financial sector to provide loans to a growing economy,” said Holzheu.

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“The industry needs to work together with governments on developing insurance markets through regulations that are modern, flexible and supports the development of the industry.” 

In more mature economies, the industry needs to utilize the most cutting-edge technology to help gather data, attack difficult-to-measure risks (like flooding and earthquakes) and make sure they’re communicating in modern ways.

“Advances on these fronts are being made but there is way more room to grow,” said Holzheu.

“Communication patterns change. Buying behaviors change. The industry needs to engage with this new generation and their new needs. How to contract a policy, communicate and get information all needs to be revolutionized for the modern insurance consumer.” &

Jared Shelly is a journalist based in Philadelphia. He can be reached at [email protected]

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The R&I Editorial Team can be reached at [email protected]