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Digital Transformation

Seven Questions for Henna Karna

XL Catlin's data chief seeks not to replace underwriters, but to empower them to do their jobs better than ever before.
By: | February 15, 2018 • 6 min read

Henna Karna is XL Catlin’s Chief Data Officer and is responsible for its digital/data innovation strategy.

A recognized expert on digital strategy, data analytics and digital transformation, she has more than 20 years of experience leading innovative digital/data strategies in the insurance industry. Her skills include developing data-driven risk solutions comprising genetic cognitive learning, behavior modeling, proprietary algorithms and deep neural networks.

Before joining XL Catlin, Henna served as managing director and global head of actuarial technology and operations for AIG, where she oversaw actuarial technology strategy and operations.

Earlier, she was president of Verisk Digital, a subsidiary of Verisk Analytics. She also has advised numerous Fortune 500 companies on their digital innovation and disruption strategies.

R&I caught up with Henna recently to get her views on her role and the topic of digital transformation in the insurance industry in general.

R&I: What is XL Catlin’s data strategy?

HK: XL Catlin’s data strategy has three parts: It’s about building sustainable business impact; speed of converting data into insights; and extending our culture towards digital innovation.

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Our businesses and our industry are guardians of sorts. Our goal is to help other businesses, and other people, become whole after a devastating loss. We bring with us a feelings of security, safety and stability for entities we insure.

We do that by examining risk through the lens of data — structured, unstructured, bespoke, complex, generalized and precise. Building a sustainable data ecosystem helps us to better understand not just historical risks but those that are imminent and upcoming, from cyber to natural catastrophes.

When it comes to empowering our underwriters, actuaries, claims and risk management colleagues, we measure ourselves by speed to value.

Prior to the digitization of data, our industry had disjoint pictures of risk. Many functions within our industry focus on data wrangling, data governance, and data management. It is likely that our industry spends more time connecting the data than leveraging the connected data that offers valuable insights.

A year or more ago, we had a fair explanation as to why that was the case — we couldn’t connect the dots because not all of them were available to us. Now, with digital capabilities in hand, we have the ability and capability to acquire a more holistic, real-time view of risk.

This gets to the third part of our data strategy, digital innovation. As a niche B2B entity, we deal with very complex risks. To develop this 360-degree holistic perspective of risk, we need to engage with clients and brokers in very close, collaborative relationships.

The digital world can help forge these closer engagements, not just the ecosystem we’re operating in but also the sub-tier ecosystems across the network, both internally and externally. Our strategy calls for tearing down internal and external silos that impede collaboration and creating stronger bridges across the network to encourage it.

R&I: How long have you been in the position?

HK: It is over a year now.

R&I: What have you found to be your biggest challenge?

HK: One simple answer is priorities. It is a thoughtful, iterative activity that we do. We prioritize all the time; we calibrate our learnings, changes and validate our approach constantly — that’s where we spend most of our conversations.

To be clear, how we prioritize also has to be calibrated by our constant learnings. Sometimes the initiatives we prioritize are continuing efforts or continuous improvements or strategic. Each type of initiative warrants diffident criterion for success and for milestones. Hence our way to prioritize has to be transparent and flexible. If you want to be in a world that is changing, then the traditional priorities may no longer be as important as before.

Depending on the type of initiative, what you measure as a metric for success may be vastly different and so the dimensions for prioritization would also be quite different.

Human nature is to often abide by current rules and traditions and only consider new ones if the current ones are no longer valid or useful. Now, we want to maintain what is working and simultaneously drum up new ideas.

R&I: How do you marry analytics to the professional experience of veteran underwriters?

HK: We’re very much an organization, but we’re an organization made out of people. Collectively, our people are our biggest asset. So the goal becomes how we can further empower our people.

They already have strong intuitions — more often than not they’ve assessed diverse risk-oriented trends and developed their own analysis. If we can give our skilled talent another set of lenses to do what they already do well, they will do their work even better.

For example, when we speak to our  underwriters, it is apparent their accuracy and precision in certain areas of risk is off the charts; they know the subject so well. We also have to balance holistic knowledge and expertise in a domain.  That’s a tough balance to constantly manage.

If we specialize and get focused on one thing, we may miss other pieces of the insurance value chain. One analogy would be a heart doctor who knows everything there is to know about the heart but not nearly as much as the lungs. Yet both organs function as parts of a whole.

If we look at things holistically, we risk not seeing all the symptoms.  Much like an internalist who would look overall symptom of health and any “reasons” to go deep.

Digitalization not only is good for specialization, but it also opens our eyes to other parts of the whole. It compels underwriters to consider more than what is obvious about a risk, without having to juggle so many disparate pieces. In effect, digitization does the juggling.

R&I: You’re working to create models that will help underwriters prioritize which risks to focus on. Is that process gaining traction?

HK: We rely heavily on our team’s expertise. Their domain expertise, breadth of knowledge and intellectual rigor prepares them to look ahead at what is in store for a particular geographic region or in a book of business.

We’ve now asked them to highlight the areas where they have achieved particular success, looking backwards at the historical to unearth the best situations, risk-wise. We’re now tasking them to find analogous situations across their books.

This concept will be ongoing, despite the predictive power of machine learning and artificial intelligence. They’re basically avatars; we are not replacing the underwriter. We’re just empowering the underwriter with vastly better eyes and ears.

We’re very much an organization, but we’re an organization made out of people. Collectively, our people are our biggest asset. So the goal becomes how we can further empower our people. They already have strong intuitions — more often than not they’ve assessed diverse risk-oriented trends and developed their own analysis. If we can give our skilled talent another set of lenses to do what they already do well, they will do their work even better.

R&I: How do you share strategies between books of business?

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HK: One way is crowdsourcing — for example, getting input from across the enterprise to collectively balance our book regionally, which helps prioritize certain resources within the company and with our partnering brokers. If we find successful practices in a particular book, we may recommend our colleagues to leverage these practices in their books.

R&I: Is this work helping XL Catlin get to market faster, or get products to market faster?

HK: In days past, with a new product or service, typically there will be a group of people who go off and get the data, transpose it, and think about which market is affected. All this happened iteratively from the ground up, consuming weeks if not months of time. That’s what slowed down market penetration.

What we are doing with our digital transformation is tethering all of our data and information to a tree trunk. Each time new data is discovered, it becomes a bespoke branch of the tree. Over time, the tree grows into a resplendent array of branches, each one a source of intelligence. But it’s the tree here that is important, as it represents the whole — an ecosystem and multi-sided platform.

Dan Reynolds is editor-in-chief of Risk & Insurance. He can be reached at [email protected]

More from Risk & Insurance

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The Profession

Curt Gross

This director of risk management sees cyber, IP and reputation risks as evolving threats, but more formal education may make emerging risk professionals better prepared.
By: | June 1, 2018 • 4 min read

R&I: What was your first job?

My first non-professional job was working at Burger King in high school. I learned some valuable life lessons there.

R&I: How did you come to work in risk management?

After taking some accounting classes in high school, I originally thought I wanted to be an accountant. After working on a few Widgets Inc. projects in college, I figured out that wasn’t what I really wanted to do. Risk management found me. The rest is history. Looking back, I am pleased with how things worked out.

R&I: What is the risk management community doing right?

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I think we do a nice job on post graduate education. I think the ARM and CPCU designations give credibility to the profession. Plus, formal college risk management degrees are becoming more popular these days. I know The University of Akron just launched a new risk management bachelor’s program in the fall of 2017 within the business school.

R&I: What could the risk management community be doing a better job of?

I think we could do a better job with streamlining certificates of insurance or, better yet, evaluating if they are even necessary. It just seems to me that there is a significant amount of time and expense around generating certificates. There has to be a more efficient way.

R&I: What was the best location and year for the RIMS conference and why?

Selfishly, I prefer a destination with a direct flight when possible. RIMS does a nice job of selecting various locations throughout the country. It is a big job to successfully pull off a conference of that size.

Curt Gross, Director of Risk Management, Parker Hannifin Corp.

R&I: What’s been the biggest change in the risk management and insurance industry since you’ve been in it?

Definitely the change in nontraditional property & casualty exposures such as intellectual property and reputational risk. Those exposures existed way back when but in different ways. As computer networks become more and more connected and news travels at a more rapid pace, it just amplifies these types of exposures. Sometimes we have to think like the perpetrator, which can be difficult to do.

R&I: What emerging commercial risk most concerns you?

I hate to sound cliché — it’s quite the buzz these days — but I would have to say cyber. It’s such a complex risk involving nontraditional players and motives. Definitely a challenging exposure to get your arms around. Unfortunately, I don’t think we’ll really know the true exposure until there is more claim development.

R&I: What insurance carrier do you have the highest opinion of?

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Our captive insurance company. I’ve been fortunate to work for several companies with a captive, each one with a different operating objective. I view a captive as an essential tool for a successful risk management program.

R&I: Who is your mentor and why?

I can’t point to just one. I have and continue to be lucky to work for really good managers throughout my career. Each one has taken the time and interest to develop me as a professional. I certainly haven’t arrived yet and welcome feedback to continue to try to be the best I can be every day.

R&I: What have you accomplished that you are proudest of?

I would like to think I have and continue to bring meaningful value to my company. However, I would have to say my family is my proudest accomplishment.

R&I: What is your favorite book or movie?

Favorite movie is definitely “Good Will Hunting.”

R&I: What’s the best restaurant you’ve ever eaten at?

Tough question to narrow down. If my wife ran a restaurant, it would be hers. We try to have dinner as a family as much as possible. If I had to pick one restaurant though, I would say Fire Food & Drink in Cleveland, Ohio. Chef Katz is a culinary genius.

R&I: What is the most unusual/interesting place you have ever visited?

The Grand Canyon. It is just so vast. A close second is Stonehenge.

R&I: What is the riskiest activity you ever engaged in?

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A few, actually. Up until a few years ago, I owned a sport bike (motorcycle). Of course, I wore the proper gear, took a safety course and read a motorcycle safety book. Also, I have taken a few laps in a NASCAR [race car] around Daytona International Speedway at 180 mph. Most recently, trying to ride my daughter’s skateboard.

R&I: If the world has a modern hero, who is it and why?

The Dalai Lama. A world full of compassion, tolerance and patience and free of discrimination, racism and violence, while perhaps idealistic, sounds like a wonderful place to me.

R&I: What about this work do you find the most fulfilling or rewarding?

I really enjoy the company I work for and my role, because I get the opportunity to work with various functions. For example, while mostly finance, I get to interact with legal, human resources, employee health and safety, to name a few.

R&I: What do your friends and family think you do?

I asked my son. He said, “Risk management and insurance.” (He’s had the benefit of bring-your-kid-to-work day.)

Katie Dwyer is an associate editor at Risk & Insurance®. She can be reached at [email protected]