Risk Insider: Jason Beans

‘Drive-By Doctoring’ a Reason for Value-Based Purchasing

By: | September 16, 2015 • 3 min read
Jason Beans is the Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Rising Medical Solutions, a medical cost management firm. He has over 20 years of industry experience. He can be reached at [email protected]

When asked about problems with the U.S. health care system, I often refer to a New York Times article called “After Surgery, Surprise $117,000 Medical Bill From Doctor He Didn’t Know.

The article details a patient who received a $117,000 bill from an assistant surgeon he was unaware would be aiding the surgeon. The surgeon he chose was in-network; the assistant was out-of-network and came in while the patient was under anesthesia.

In what other industry, other than U.S. health care, can you receive a service while unconscious, are given no opportunity to learn of (much less agree to) the service or price, and afterwards there is a valid expectation of owing the bill?  I cannot think of one.

The Hidden Costs in Fee-for-Service

Two typical tricks outlined in this article were:

Drive-By Doctoring: It’s very common to have an additional doctor or specialist “pop by” during a treatment. This consultation and/or surgical assist may or may not be clinically supported. In group health, the article illustrates the devastating financial impact such unexpected charges may have on a patient. In workers’ comp, it demonstrates how critical it is to carefully analyze medical charges. While most payers and service providers will certainly notice a $117,000 charge, there can and will be many smaller charges that meet the “drive-by” criteria on a bill.

Out-of-Network Subcontractors: As we’re well aware, many providers (e.g. anesthesiologists, assistant surgeons) working out of a hospital may not, in fact, be hospital employees. It can be difficult to ascertain if out-of-network providers exist at network facilities, and to predict if an episode-of-care might result in subcontractor services.  It is imperative that we find alternate ways to control these unpredictable costs.

A Value-Based Track to Transparency

These practices discussed in the article are purposeful, dishonest and costly, but they need not exist. A transition from fee-for-service models to value-based purchasing in group health, and even slowly in workers’ comp, allows payers to more easily explore pre-negotiated, all-inclusive rate alternatives. These arrangements have many advantages, not the least of which is the elimination of “drive-by-doctoring” or other hidden fees. When everyone agrees to a fair, upfront price, the opportunity and incentive to “game the system” is removed.

The benefits of cost predictability in workers’ comp are readily apparent, but the outcomes and care coordination aspects of value-based purchasing make it equally compelling. These arrangements allow payers to work with providers who meet certain performance parameters, and are further incented to ensure positive outcomes in order to keep costs commensurate with agreed-upon rates. Bundled rates also promote effective coordination amongst multiple providers who are handling varied aspects of treatment and sharing in a single payment.

It’s encouraging to see the gradual shift towards value-based purchasing in workers’ comp. And while this evolution will take time, the momentum towards a model where we do not simply reward quantity of services, but focus on a more holistic approach to patient care and healthcare purchasing is something that workers’ comp is more than capable of.

More from Risk & Insurance

More from Risk & Insurance

2017 Teddy Awards

The Era of Engagement

The very best workers’ compensation programs are the ones where workers aren’t just the subject of the program, they’re a part of it.
By: | November 1, 2017 • 5 min read

Employee engagement, employee advocacy, employee participation — these are common threads running through the programs we honor this year in the 2017 Theodore Roosevelt Workers’ Compensation and Disability Management Awards, sponsored by PMA Companies.

A panel of judges — including workers’ comp executives who actively engage their own employees — selected this year’s winners on the basis of performance, sustainability, innovation and teamwork. The winners hail from different industries and regions, but all make people part of the solution to unique challenges.


Valley Health System is all-too keenly aware of the risk of violence in health care settings, running the gamut from disruptive patients to grieving, overwrought family members to mentally unstable active shooters.

Valley Health employs a proactive and comprehensive plan to respond to violent scenarios, involving its Code Atlas Team — 50 members of the clinical staff and security departments who undergo specialized training. Valley Health drills regularly, including intense annual active shooter drills that involve participation from local law enforcement.

The drills are unnerving for many, but the program is making a difference — the health system cut its workplace violence injuries in half in the course of just one year.

“We’re looking at patient safety and employee safety like never before,” said Barbara Schultz, director of employee health and wellness.

At Rochester Regional Health’s five hospitals and six long-term care facilities, a key loss driver was slips and falls. The system’s mandatory safety shoe program saw only moderate take-up, but the reason wasn’t clear.

Rather than force managers to write up non-compliant employees, senior manager of workers’ compensation and employee safety Monica Manske got proactive, using a survey as well as one-on-one communication to suss out the obstacles. After making changes based on the feedback, shoe compliance shot up from 35 percent to 85 percent, contributing to a 42 percent reduction in lost-time claims and a 46 percent reduction in injuries.

For the shoe program, as well as every RRH safety initiative, Manske’s team takes the same approach: engaging employees to teach and encourage safe behaviors rather than punishing them for lapses.

For some of this year’s Teddy winners, success was born of the company’s willingness to make dramatic program changes.


Delta Air Lines made two ambitious program changes since 2013. First it adopted an employee advocacy model for its disability and leave of absence programs. After tasting success, the company transitioned all lines including workers’ compensation to an integrated absence management program bundled under a single TPA.

While skeptics assume “employee advocacy” means more claims and higher costs, Delta answers with a reality that’s quite the opposite. A year after the transition, Delta reduced open claims from 3,479 to 1,367, with its total incurred amount decreased by $50.1 million — head and shoulders above its projected goals.

For the Massachusetts Port Authority, change meant ending the era of having a self-administered program and partnering with a TPA. It also meant switching from a guaranteed cost program to a self-insured program for a significant segment of its workforce.

Massport’s results make a great argument for embracing change: The organization saved $21 million over the past six years. Freeing up resources allowed Massport to increase focus on safety as well as medical management and chopped its medical costs per claim in half — even while allowing employees to choose their own health care providers.

Risk & Insurance® congratulates the 2017 Teddy Award winners and holds them in high esteem for their tireless commitment to a safe workforce that’s fully engaged in its own care. &


More coverage of the 2017 Teddy Award Winners and Honorable Mentions:

Advocacy Takes Off: At Delta Air Lines, putting employees first is the right thing to do, for employees and employer alike.


Proactive Approach to Employee SafetyThe Valley Health System shifted its philosophy on workers’ compensation, putting employee and patient safety at the forefront.


Getting It Right: Better coordination of workers’ compensation risk management spelled success for the Massachusetts Port Authority.


Carrots: Not SticksAt Rochester Regional Health, the workers’ comp and safety team champion employee engagement and positive reinforcement.


Fit for Duty: Recognizing parallels between athletes and public safety officials, the city of Denver made tailored fitness training part of its safety plan.


Triage, Transparency and TeamworkWhen the City of Surprise, Ariz. got proactive about reining in its claims, it also took steps to get employees engaged in making things better for everyone.

A Lesson in Leadership: Shared responsibility, data analysis and a commitment to employees are the hallmarks of Benco Dental’s workers’ comp program.


Michelle Kerr is associate editor of Risk & Insurance. She can be reached at [email protected]