2017 Vermont Report

A Perfect Fit

Life Time Fitness finds a captive home in Vermont.
By: | April 7, 2017 • 7 min read

Vermont, known for its natural landscape and ski resorts, is also the domicile for a new captive insurance company for Life Time Fitness, Inc., a privately held, multi-billion-dollar healthy living, healthy aging and healthy entertainment lifestyle company based in Chanhassen, Minn.


“Life Time is a 25-year-old Healthy Way of Life company committed to helping communities organizations and individuals achieve their total health objectives, fitness goals and athletic aspirations  by providing the best places, best performers and best programs that positively change lives every day.

“Beginning with our first club in 1992, we have grown to more than 120 destinations in 35 major markets  across 26 states and Canada, serving more than 1.8 million members,” said Josh Reding, Life Time director of risk management.

“In keeping with our growth, our financial protection and insurance needs have also evolved. With this in mind, we licensed our captive in January of 2017 and funded it in February.”

Life Time’s comprehensive, multi-purpose, resort-like destinations provide entertaining, educational, friendly, functional and innovative experiences that meet the health and fitness needs of the entire family, according to the company.

Over the last 25 years, the company has transformed the health and fitness space, while creating an entirely new industry — Healthy Way of Life. Today, Life Time is poised to further extend its brand and growth with the creation of dozens of new, iconic Life Time destinations, complete with comprehensive Healthy Living, Healthy Aging and Healthy Entertainment programs, services and products, it said.

“Like so many captive programs, the insurance coverage that Life Time Captive Insurance Co. provides to its parent organization is plain vanilla, but the parent is unique,” said David Provost, deputy commissioner of captive insurance, Vermont’s top regulator.

“It was a great fit for Life Time Fitness to form their captive in Vermont — not just because the captive program was right up our alley, but because we have a fitness culture here too,” — David Provost, deputy commissioner of captive insurance, State of Vermont

“It was a great fit for Life Time Fitness to form their captive in Vermont — not just because the captive program was right up our alley, but because we have a fitness culture here too,” he said.

“Vermont ranks as the second-fittest state in the nation, and the Department of Financial Regulation staff exemplifies that ethos. We have bikers, skiers, kayakers, hikers, climbers, marathoners and more on staff, and may be the only insurance department in the country that has put up teams for challenge runs, obstacle races and Penguin Plunges.”

Create a Short List

Given its characteristics, third-party liability, property and casualty are major portions of Life Time’s insurance program.

So is getting educated about risk.

James Swanke, director of risk consulting at Willis Towers Watson, said risk managers should attend RIMS or CICA conferences as well as “talk to the regulators from various domiciles as a first step to learn as much as they can and determine which they like better in terms of captive legislation, regulation and infrastructure.”

“The goal should be to create a short list of attractive captive domiciles. We can certainly provide our point of view as consultants, but it has to be a comfortable fit for the client.”

After research, it’s time for a formal captive feasibility study including actuarial projections, financial analyses and cost-benefit comparisons. In Life Time’s case, company officials admitted to feeling as if they were being overly cautious in the years it took to collect information about various domiciles and put their internal processes in place. But Swanke said the firm took the right amount of time to prepare.

Dan Towle, former director of financial services, State of Vermont

“There are more choices than ever when it comes to domicile selection and competition can be fierce,” said Dan Towle, outgoing director of financial services for the State of Vermont.

“The bottom line is that companies want to form their captives in a predictable, stable, efficient and business-friendly environment. Other jurisdictions can copy our laws, but having our experience, knowledge, infrastructure and a 36-year track record is not easily duplicated.”

That is attractive to first-time captives.

“I joined Life Time six years ago and report to our executive vice president and chief administration officer, who is knowledgeable in risk financing and has always had an appreciation for risk management,” said Reding.

“We have been evaluating the idea of a captive since 2011 and knew it needed to be a long-term program with a solid plan to transfer risk outside of the traditional markets, especially workers’ compensation and third-party liability.


“The hiring of our Risk & Safety Manager Ashley Fitzner in 2013, was a final piece to our plan for captive preparation. She has brought the needed consistency to our risk reduction programs across all of our destinations in preparation of the captive launch.”

Life Time primarily considered Vermont, Bermuda, and the Cayman Islands for domiciles, but also considered Washington D.C., Arizona (one of the many areas that Life Time has a high concentration of destinations), and even Hawaii.

The decision was narrowed down to Vermont and Cayman, and Life Time selected the leading onshore captive insurance domicile, “because of its reputation in the captive insurance industry for expertise, consistency and a solid infrastructure,”Reding said.

Growth Strategy

While many firms establish captives mainly to gain leverage in the commercial market, Life Time has more ambitious plans.

“What’s important to us is providing our members with unparalleled experiences and value so that they choose to remain at Life Time for the long term,” Reding said.

“Unlike most typical fitness facilities that merely offer roomfuls of equipment without programs and essentially, are non-use models, we always have embraced the concept of Member Point of View (MPV), by building and operating destinations our members want to be in versus places they feel they have to be. We have considered many enhancements beyond our current offerings, and continue looking at the captive as a potential tool to provide additional benefits to members someday.”

“We are being selective about which risks we’re transferring into the captive. We have embraced a crawl-walk-run approach; but the captive will allow us to accelerate our objectives by utilizing our resources to invest in ourselves.” —  Josh Reding, Life Time director of risk management.

This is not to say that Life Time is not seeking financial benefits from the captive formation in the near term. “Our first premium was not significantly different from that which we paid in the commercial market,” said Reding. “One of the objectives is to turn reduced premiums and losses into a surplus.

“We are being selective about which risks we’re transferring into the captive. We have embraced a crawl-walk-run approach; but the captive will allow us to accelerate our objectives by utilizing our resources to invest in ourselves.”

The captive will approach the reinsurance market for the first time this fall. As Life Time continues to enhance its safety program, Reding and Fitzner plan for a portion of future funds to support loss prevention needs.

Josh Reding, director of risk management and Ashley Fitzner, risk & safety manager

Reding said his company selected Vermont “knowing the flexibility of the regulatory framework as an onshore domicile — and by that I don’t mean lax. The onshore domicile allows us to achieve our long-term objectives without as many regulatory roadblocks as an offshore domicile.

“The staff at the Vermont Captive Insurance Division was patient and persistent while we completed our study, and they moved quickly when we were ready to complete the formation of the captive.”

Swanke said that for the most part, “captive domicile laws are comparable state to state but there can be some important differences.” Meeting with potential finalists is important, he said.

“Captive regulators hear about the client’s business plan and vision, and the client hears the regulator’s views on the domicile’s captive law, infrastructure and so forth. There has to be a meeting of the minds, so it is important to sit down together.

“In most cases one domicile stands out as a clear winner after all the visits.”

Swanke said he was not surprised that Life Time chose Vermont. “Vermont is among the oldest and largest captive domiciles. They have significant infrastructure dating back to July 1981. New states will enter the scene as captive domiciles with their bells and whistles, and those often attract local companies that want to do business in state or close to home. There is a lot of competition among domiciles.”

One trend in captives, he added, is captive owners moving non-traditional risks into their captives beyond the standard risks of general liability, auto, workers’ compensation and property.

“We are seeing a lot of interest in cyber, also wage-and-hour, which is related to employment practices liability,” Swanke said. “Certain domiciles will be more comfortable with these newly emerging risks, which will foster further competition across the domiciles.”


While Life Time does not yet operate one of its healthy-way-of life destinations in Vermont, it appreciates the healthy lifestyle living the Green Mountain State provides, and is excited to partner with their captive offerings in the years ahead. &


2017 Vermont Report


Vermont Eyes Agency Captive

An agricultural consortium is one group taking a serious look at forming an agency captive in Vermont.

Eight Questions for Dan Towle  

Risk & Insurance® speaks with Dan Towle as he departs from his long tenure as director of financial services for the State of Vermont.

Gregory DL Morris is an independent business journalist based in New York with 25 years’ experience in industry, energy, finance and transportation. He can be reached at [email protected]

More from Risk & Insurance

More from Risk & Insurance

Risk Management

The Profession

Janet Sheiner, VP of risk management and real estate at AMN Healthcare Services Inc., sees innovation as an answer to fast-evolving and emerging risks.
By: | March 5, 2018 • 4 min read

R&I: What was your first job?

As a kid, bagging groceries. My first job out of school, part-time temp secretary.

R&I: How did you come to work in risk management?

Risk management picks you; you don’t necessarily pick it. I came into it from a regulatory compliance angle. There’s a natural evolution because a lot of your compliance activities also have the effect of managing your risk.

R&I: What is the risk management community doing right?


There’s much benefit to grounding strategic planning in an ERM framework. That’s a great innovation in the industry, to have more emphasis on ERM. I also think that risk management thought leaders are casting themselves more as enablers of business, not deterrents, a move in the right direction.

R&I: What could the risk management community be doing a better job of?

Justified or not, risk management functions are often viewed as the “Department of No.” We’ve worked hard to cultivate a reputation as the “Department of Maybe,” so partners across the organization see us as business enablers. That reputation has meant entertaining some pretty crazy ideas, but our willingness to try and find a way to “yes” tempered with good risk management has made all the difference.

Janet Sheiner, VP, Risk Management & Real Estate, AMN Healthcare Services Inc.

R&I: What was the best location and year for the RIMS conference and why?

San Diego, of course!  America’s Finest City has the infrastructure, Convention Center, hotels, airport and public transportation — plus you can’t beat our great weather! The restaurant scene is great, not to mention those beautiful coastal views.

R&I: What’s been the biggest change in the risk management and insurance industry since you’ve been in it?

The emergence of risk management as a distinct profession, with four-year degree programs and specific academic curriculum. Now I have people on my team who say their goal is to be a risk manager. I said before that risk management picks you, but we’re getting to a point where people pick it.

R&I: What emerging commercial risk most concerns you?


The commercial insurance market’s ability to innovate to meet customer demand. Businesses need to innovate to stay relevant, and the commercial market needs to innovate with us.  Carriers have to be willing to take on more risk and potentially take a loss to meet the unique and evolving risks companies are facing.

R&I: Of which insurance carrier do you have the highest opinion?

Beazley. They have been an outstanding partner to AMN. They are responsive, flexible and reasonable.  They have evolved with us. They have an appreciation for risk management practices we’ve organically woven into our business, and by extension, this makes them more comfortable with taking on new risks with us.

R&I: Are you optimistic or pessimistic about the U.S. health care industry and why?

I am very optimistic about the health care industry. We have an aging population with burgeoning health care needs, coupled with a decreasing supply of health care providers — that means we have to get smarter about how we manage health care. There’s a lot of opportunity for thought leaders to fill that gap.

R&I: Who is your mentor and why?

Professionally, AMN Healthcare General Counsel, Denise Jackson, has enabled me to do the best work I’ve ever done, and better than I thought I could do.  Personally, my husband Andrew, a second-grade teacher, who has a way of putting things into a human perspective.

R&I: What have you accomplished that you are proudest of?

In my early 20s, I set a goal for the “corner office.” I achieved that when I became vice president.  I received a ‘Values in Practice’ award for trust at AMN. The nomination came from team members I work with every day, and I was incredibly humbled and honored.

R&I: What is your favorite book or movie?

The noir genre, so anything by Raymond Chandler in books. For movies,  “Double Indemnity,” the 1944 Billy Wilder classic, with insurance at the heart of it!

R&I: What is your favorite drink?


Clean water. Check out Water.org for how to help people enjoy clean, safe water.

R&I: What’s the best restaurant at which you’ve eaten?

Liqun Roast Duck Restaurant in Beijing.

R&I: What is the most unusual/interesting place you have ever visited?

China. See favorite restaurant above. This restaurant had been open for 100 years in that location. It didn’t exactly have an “A” rating, and it was probably not a place most risk managers would go to.

R&I: What is the riskiest activity you ever engaged in?

Eating that duck at Liqun!

R&I: If the world has a modern hero, who is it and why?

Dr. Seuss who, in response to a 1954 report in Life magazine, worked to reduce illiteracy among school children by making children’s books more interesting. His work continues to educate and entertain children worldwide.

R&I: What do your friends and family think you do?

They’re not really sure!

Katie Dwyer is an associate editor at Risk & Insurance®. She can be reached at [email protected]