2222222222

Risk Management

The Profession

Avis Budget Group’s director of risk management, Barbara Vitale, lauds the industry for bringing more women into the fold.
By: | May 4, 2016 • 5 min read

052016_profession_bio
R&I: What was your first job?

I was working as a paralegal for a N.J. insurance company. They provided free insurance classes conducted by the Insurance Institute of America. I wanted to learn about the business, so I received my certificate in general insurance. That came in handy reviewing the insurance provisions of contracts. Eventually I received my ARM. An opportunity came up at a large gas utility, and I expanded my duties as a paralegal working for the VP of risk management. When he retired, I was offered the position of risk manager.

R&I: How has your experience as a paralegal influenced your risk management career?

[It] has been invaluable to my success as a risk manager. I did everything from litigation, contracts, mergers and acquisitions, to preparing SEC filings. I became well versed in the operations and business risks of a public company from a legal perspective.

R&I: What is the risk management community doing right?

Advertisement




Advertisement




We’re focused on understanding how rapidly the world is changing. Risk managers and carriers are making an effort to understand all the risks commensurate with being global companies. Another major change is that women have become a bigger part of risk management over the past 20 years. In fact, my department is all women.

R&I: What could the risk management community be doing a better job of?

We need to get more people involved in risk management. It’s so much more than just buying insurance. You can be impactful for your company in so many ways as they come to trust and value you.

Another major change is that women have become a bigger part of risk management over the past 20 years.

R&I: What was the best location and year for the RIMS conference and why?

I really loved New Orleans. We’re in the business of dealing with risk and disaster and catastrophe, and the year we were there, it was right after Hurricane Katrina. It was a testimony to risk managers that we wanted to be there. Disaster recovery and continuity are what we’re about.

R&I: What’s been the biggest change in the risk management and insurance industry since you’ve been in it?

Having more women in the field is one. Another is the way the industry has become so multifaceted as well as responsive to emerging risks like cyber. Risk managers are much more involved with their companies’ operations, and it’s become more challenging as we keep abreast of rapidly changing issues.

R&I: What emerging commercial risk most concerns you?

Advertisement




Advertisement




We’re all holding our breath on cyber risk. It’s still so unknowable, and anything can happen that you’re not prepared for, even with the coverage that’s out there. This is an area where we’ll have to wait and see how the risk evolves and how products develop. Apple just learned that the FBI could hack into its phones and I bet they never saw that coming!

R&I: What insurance carrier do you have the highest opinion of?

CNA. I can’t say enough good things about them. We have many unique needs, and they’ve stepped up to partner with us on meeting all of them.

R&I: How much business do you do direct versus going through a broker?

We place all our coverage though our amazing partners, Aon and Lockton.

We’re all holding our breath on cyber risk. It’s still so unknowable, and anything can happen that you’re not prepared for, even with the coverage that’s out there.

R&I: Are you optimistic about the U.S. economy or pessimistic, and why?

Very optimistic. We have a lower unemployment rate than we’ve had in many years and more job creation. And let’s not forget about the gas prices!

R&I: Who is your mentor and why?

My mom was my mentor. My dad died young and she was left raising four kids at the age of 40. She was a businesswoman in the 1960s and taught me the value of standing on my own two feet as a woman. Most importantly, she was the kindest woman I ever met.

R&I: What have you accomplished that you are proudest of?

Advertisement




Advertisement




I’m very proud of my excellent team. I’ve spent a lot of time mentoring them and “boring” them with my business philosophy, but I tell them that if I were to get hit by a bus on any given day, they could jump in and do my job on that first, sad day.

R&I: What is your favorite book or movie?

“Madame Bovary.” I met my husband at Rutgers in a French literature class, and we were reading that book at the time, so it’s my favorite.

R&I: What is the most unusual/interesting place you have ever visited?

It’s a toss-up between Israel and Egypt; the pyramids were so exciting but so was Bethlehem and Masada.

R&I: What is the riskiest activity you ever engaged in?

Talking back to the Sisters of Charity; like O’Reilly, I was a bold, fresh article!

R&I: If the world has a modern hero, who is it and why?

I really admire Pope Francis. He’s trying to be an enlightened pope who embraces all people and religions, and he brings some needed change to Catholicism.

R&I: What about this work do you find the most fulfilling or rewarding?

Every day is a new challenge and it never gets boring.

R&I: What do your friends and family think you do?

They think I meet with brokers and carriers and buy insurance and handle big insurance claims and that’s it. If they only knew!




Katie Dwyer is an associate editor at Risk & Insurance®. She can be reached at [email protected]

More from Risk & Insurance

More from Risk & Insurance

Cyber Resilience

No, Seriously. You Need a Comprehensive Cyber Incident Response Plan Before It’s Too Late.

Awareness of cyber risk is increasing, but some companies may be neglecting to prepare adequate response plans that could save them millions. 
By: | June 1, 2018 • 7 min read

To minimize the financial and reputational damage from a cyber attack, it is absolutely critical that businesses have a cyber incident response plan.

“Sadly, not all yet do,” said David Legassick, head of life sciences, tech and cyber, CNA Hardy.

Advertisement




In the event of a breach, a company must be able to quickly identify and contain the problem, assess the level of impact, communicate internally and externally, recover where possible any lost data or functionality needed to resume business operations and act quickly to manage potential reputational risk.

This can only be achieved with help from the right external experts and the design and practice of a well-honed internal response.

The first step a company must take, said Legassick, is to understand its cyber exposures through asset identification, classification, risk assessment and protection measures, both technological and human.

According to Raf Sanchez, international breach response manager, Beazley, cyber-response plans should be flexible and applicable to a wide range of incidents, “not just a list of consecutive steps.”

They also should bring together key stakeholders and specify end goals.

Jason J. Hogg, CEO, Aon Cyber Solutions

With bad actors becoming increasingly sophisticated and often acting in groups, attack vectors can hit companies from multiple angles simultaneously, meaning a holistic approach is essential, agreed Jason J. Hogg, CEO, Aon Cyber Solutions.

“Collaboration is key — you have to take silos down and work in a cross-functional manner.”

This means assembling a response team including individuals from IT, legal, operations, risk management, HR, finance and the board — each of whom must be well drilled in their responsibilities in the event of a breach.

“You can’t pick your players on the day of the game,” said Hogg. “Response times are critical, so speed and timing are of the essence. You should also have a very clear communication plan to keep the CEO and board of directors informed of recommended courses of action and timing expectations.”

People on the incident response team must have sufficient technical skills and access to critical third parties to be able to make decisions and move to contain incidents fast. Knowledge of the company’s data and network topology is also key, said Legassick.

“Perhaps most important of all,” he added, “is to capture in detail how, when, where and why an incident occurred so there is a feedback loop that ensures each threat makes the cyber defense stronger.”

Cyber insurance can play a key role by providing a range of experts such as forensic analysts to help manage a cyber breach quickly and effectively (as well as PR and legal help). However, the learning process should begin before a breach occurs.

Practice Makes Perfect

“Any incident response plan is only as strong as the practice that goes into it,” explained Mike Peters, vice president, IT, RIMS — who also conducts stress testing through his firm Sentinel Cyber Defense Advisors.

Advertisement




Unless companies have an ethical hacker or certified information security officer on board who can conduct sophisticated simulated attacks, Peters recommended they hire third-party experts to test their networks for weaknesses, remediate these issues and retest again for vulnerabilities that haven’t been patched or have newly appeared.

“You need to plan for every type of threat that’s out there,” he added.

Hogg agreed that bringing third parties in to conduct tests brings “fresh thinking, best practice and cross-pollination of learnings from testing plans across a multitude of industries and enterprises.”

“Collaboration is key — you have to take silos down and work in a cross-functional manner.” — Jason J. Hogg, CEO, Aon Cyber Solutions

Legassick added that companies should test their plans at least annually, updating procedures whenever there is a significant change in business activity, technology or location.

“As companies expand, cyber security is not always front of mind, but new operations and territories all expose a company to new risks.”

For smaller companies that might not have the resources or the expertise to develop an internal cyber response plan from whole cloth, some carriers offer their own cyber risk resources online.

Evan Fenaroli, an underwriting product manager with the Philadelphia Insurance Companies (PHLY), said his company hosts an eRiskHub, which gives PHLY clients a place to start looking for cyber event response answers.

That includes access to a pool of attorneys who can guide company executives in creating a plan.

“It’s something at the highest level that needs to be a priority,” Fenaroli said. For those just getting started, Fenaroli provided a checklist for consideration:

  • Purchase cyber insurance, read the policy and understand its notice requirements.
  • Work with an attorney to develop a cyber event response plan that you can customize to your business.
  • Identify stakeholders within the company who will own the plan and its execution.
  • Find outside forensics experts that the company can call in an emergency.
  • Identify a public relations expert who can be called in the case of an event that could be leaked to the press or otherwise become newsworthy.

“When all of these things fall into place, the outcome is far better in that there isn’t a panic,” said Fenaroli, who, like others, recommends the plan be tested at least annually.

Cyber’s Physical Threat

With the digital and physical worlds converging due to the rise of the Internet of Things, Hogg reminded companies: “You can’t just test in the virtual world — testing physical end-point security is critical too.”

Advertisement




How that testing is communicated to underwriters should also be a key focus, said Rich DePiero, head of cyber, North America, Swiss Re Corporate Solutions.

Don’t just report on what went well; it’s far more believable for an underwriter to hear what didn’t go well, he said.

“If I hear a client say it is perfect and then I look at some of the results of the responses to breaches last year, there is a disconnect. Help us understand what you learned and what you worked out. You want things to fail during these incident response tests, because that is how we learn,” he explained.

“Bringing in these outside firms, detailing what they learned and defining roles and responsibilities in the event of an incident is really the best practice, and we are seeing more and more companies do that.”

Support from the Board

Good cyber protection is built around a combination of process, technology, learning and people. While not every cyber incident needs to be reported to the boardroom, senior management has a key role in creating a culture of planning and risk awareness.

David Legassick, head of life sciences, tech and cyber, CNA Hardy

“Cyber is a boardroom risk. If it is not taken seriously at boardroom level, you are more than likely to suffer a network breach,” Legassick said.

However, getting board buy-in or buy-in from the C-suite is not always easy.

“C-suite executives often put off testing crisis plans as they get in the way of the day job. The irony here is obvious given how disruptive an incident can be,” said Sanchez.

“The C-suite must demonstrate its support for incident response planning and that it expects staff at all levels of the organization to play their part in recovering from serious incidents.”

“What these people need from the board is support,” said Jill Salmon, New York-based vice president, head of cyber/tech/MPL, Berkshire Hathaway Specialty Insurance.

“I don’t know that the information security folks are looking for direction from the board as much as they are looking for support from a resources standpoint and a visibility standpoint.

“They’ve got to be aware of what they need and they need to have the money to be able to build it up to that level,” she said.

Without that support, according to Legassick, failure to empower and encourage the IT team to manage cyber threats holistically through integration with the rest of the organization, particularly risk managers, becomes a common mistake.

He also warned that “blame culture” can prevent staff from escalating problems to management in a timely manner.

Collaboration and Communication

Given that cyber incident response truly is a team effort, it is therefore essential that a culture of collaboration, preparation and practice is embedded from the top down.

Advertisement




One of the biggest tripping points for companies — and an area that has done the most damage from a reputational perspective — is in how quickly and effectively the company communicates to the public in the aftermath of a cyber event.

Salmon said of all the cyber incident response plans she has seen, the companies that have impressed her most are those that have written mock press releases and rehearsed how they are going to respond to the media in the aftermath of an event.

“We have seen so many companies trip up in that regard,” she said. “There have been examples of companies taking too long and then not explaining why it took them so long. It’s like any other crisis — the way that you are communicating it to the public is really important.” &

Antony Ireland is a London-based financial journalist. He can be reached at [email protected] Dan Reynolds is editor-in-chief of Risk & Insurance. He can be reached at [email protected]