2222222222

2017 Vermont Report

Eight Questions for Dan Towle  

Risk & Insurance® speaks with Dan Towle as he departs from his long tenure as director of financial services for the State of Vermont.
By: | April 7, 2017 • 5 min read

R&I: How did the captive industry in Vermont evolve during your 17 years there?

Advertisement




When I first started in 1999, the captive insurance landscape was very different. Being “on-shore” meant Vermont or Hawaii and the “off-shore” jurisdictions held much more of a dominant position in the marketplace. We spent more time explaining to risk managers what a captive insurance company was and why you might want to form one. There were only a small number of captive insurance conferences, and there was plenty of business to go around.

Fast forward, and every year new states were passing captive insurance laws and the captive marketplace was much more competitive. The fact that we now had dozens of domestic domiciles trying to grow their business elevated the captive insurance knowledge base to a broader audience. The marketplace was changing and our messaging had to evolve and sharpen for us to continue to differentiate ourselves.

Daniel D. Towle, former director of financial services. agency of commerce & community development, State of Vermont

I truly believe that the “new entrants” to the domicile marketplace were good for the industry.

The state made some big investments to effectively differentiate ourselves in the marketplace. We invested significantly in our overall market research and branding efforts. That sent a message to the marketplace that Vermont was not slowing down or becoming complacent, but instead was working hard to reinforce our value proposition.

My role changed quite a bit during that time. I grew into not only being our chief marketer, but also one of strategist and as a leader along with my colleagues. We are more effective with more leaders echoing the same messages, which reinforced the “deep bench” we have in Vermont.

It has been a great experience working here. I had the opportunity to work under four different governors and alongside legends Leonard Crouse and David Provost. I have learned from them all and am grateful for their hard work and commitment to building our captive insurance industry in Vermont.

R&I: Any idea what the number of licensed captives in the state was when you started and where that number stands now?

When I started in 1999, our year-end number for captive insurance companies licensed was 460, our 2016 year-end number was 1088.

I have been with the state for more than 600 of our captive insurance companies licensed, which is more than half of all the captives licensed in Vermont’s history. When I first started, our total gross written premium was $4.2 billion, now it is more than $27.5 billion.

R&I: One of the keys to Vermont’s success as a captive domicile has been the relationship between state government and its elected officials. What do you feel are some key reasons and lessons learned?

We have always worked hard to make sure that the governor’s office and legislature understand the value the captive insurance industry brings to the state. We partner annually with the VCIA to go to the legislature and make sure that they understand what our industry means to the state’s bottom line. We also meet with legislative leaders to make sure they understand about captive insurance and how important an industry it is to our state. We also introduce and pass new captive laws every year.

The bottom line is that we are all in this together and are successful because we are all stakeholders.

Forming a captive can help prevent losses and saves a company money and they can reinvest their savings into preventing future losses.  That is what needs to be shared more consistently.

R&I: Have Vermont’s elected officials had an important impact on its captive industry?

I have been fortunate to work closely with many hard working government officials. A good example of this comes from the very top.  In my role, I would invite the governor to attend events important to the captive industry, or meet with a prospective captive or perhaps meet with an existing captive owner and their boards of directors.  During my time with Govs. Howard Dean, Jim Douglas and Phil Scott, they accepted every meeting request that I have ever put forward to them. That is quite extraordinary and speaks volumes to their commitment to Vermont’s captive insurance industry.

R&I: What accomplishments are you most proud of?

I am proud of our collective work and despite all the competition, Vermont still maintains its top position. I think I am most proud that for 17 years I was still passionate about my work, my colleagues and my clients.

I am also proud to be recognized alongside my colleagues Dave Provost, Sandra Bigglestone and former colleague Len Crouse, in the “Power 50” ranking. The “Power 50” recognizes the most influential and powerful individuals in the global captive insurance industry as voted on by industry peers.

R&I: What are some of the more nagging misconceptions about captive insurance?

Our industry collectively needs to better tell the story about why we form captives and how they benefit their companies. We need to effectively communicate how improving risk management is the primary driver and how having a captive can help a company better manage their overall risk. Forming a captive can help prevent losses and saves a company money and they can reinvest their savings into preventing future losses.  That is what needs to be shared more consistently.

R&I: What are some emerging or dynamic risks that companies might want to be looking to captives to manage?

Advertisement




Any hard to place line of coverage can be a risk that fits in captive insurance. Especially if they have limited availability, high cost and many exclusions. Things like cyber and medical stop loss are risks we are seeing more interest in going into captives.

R&I: If you had one piece of advice for your successor in Vermont, what would it be?

Stay the course. Our basic strategy has not changed over the last 36 years. That’s been to license quality companies and regulate them in a way commensurate with their risks.

My other piece of advice is to only chase quality, not sheer numbers and to stay true to the brand. It has served us well during my 17 years, and I expect will continue to serve us well for the next 17. &

Dan Towle will begin his new role as president of the Captive Insurance Companies Association on April 24.

_____________________________________________________________

2017 Vermont Report

A Perfect Fit

Life Time Fitness finds a captive home in Vermont.

Vermont Eyes Agency Captive

An agricultural consortium is one group taking a serious look at forming an agency captive in Vermont.

 

Dan Reynolds is editor-in-chief of Risk & Insurance. He can be reached at [email protected]

More from Risk & Insurance

More from Risk & Insurance

Risk Report: Manufacturing

More Robots Enter Into Manufacturing Industry

With more jobs utilizing technology advancements, manufacturing turns to cobots to help ease talent gaps.
By: | May 1, 2018 • 6 min read

The U.S. manufacturing industry is at a crossroads.

Faced with a shortfall of as many as two million workers between now and 2025, the sector needs to either reinvent itself by making it a more attractive career choice for college and high school graduates or face extinction. It also needs to shed its image as a dull, unfashionable place to work, where employees are stuck in dead-end repetitive jobs.

Advertisement




Added to that are the multiple risks caused by the increasing use of automation, sensors and collaborative robots (cobots) in the manufacturing process, including product defects and worker injuries. That’s not to mention the increased exposure to cyber attacks as manufacturers and their facilities become more globally interconnected through the use of smart technology.

If the industry wishes to continue to move forward at its current rapid pace, then manufacturers need to work with schools, governments and the community to provide educational outreach and apprenticeship programs. They must change the perception of the industry and attract new talent. They also need to understand and to mitigate the risks presented by the increased use of technology in the manufacturing process.

“Loss of knowledge due to movement of experienced workers, negative perception of the manufacturing industry and shortages of STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) and skilled production workers are driving the talent gap,” said Ben Dollar, principal, Deloitte Consulting.

“The risks associated with this are broad and span the entire value chain — [including]  limitations to innovation, product development, meeting production goals, developing suppliers, meeting customer demand and quality.”

The Talent Gap

Manufacturing companies are rapidly expanding. With too few skilled workers coming in to fill newly created positions, the talent gap is widening. That has been exacerbated by the gradual drain of knowledge and expertise as baby boomers retire and a decline in technical education programs in public high schools.

Ben Dollar, principal, Deloitte Consulting

“Most of the millennials want to work for an Amazon, Google or Yahoo, because they seem like fun places to work and there’s a real sense of community involvement,” said Dan Holden, manager of corporate risk and insurance, Daimler Trucks North America. “In contrast, the manufacturing industry represents the ‘old school’ where your father and grandfather used to work.

“But nothing could be further from the truth: We offer almost limitless opportunities in engineering and IT, working in fields such as electric cars and autonomous driving.”

To dispel this myth, Holden said Daimler’s Educational Outreach Program assists qualified organizations that support public high school educational programs in STEM, CTE (career technical education) and skilled trades’ career development.

It also runs weeklong technology schools in its manufacturing facilities to encourage students to consider manufacturing as a vocation, he said.

“It’s all essentially a way of introducing ourselves to the younger generation and to present them with an alternative and rewarding career choice,” he said. “It also gives us the opportunity to get across the message that just because we make heavy duty equipment doesn’t mean we can’t be a fun and educational place to work.”

Rise of the Cobot

Automation undoubtedly helps manufacturers increase output and improve efficiency by streamlining production lines. But it’s fraught with its own set of risks, including technical failure, a compromised manufacturing process or worse — shutting down entire assembly lines.

Advertisement




More technologically advanced machines also require more skilled workers to operate and maintain them. Their absence can in turn hinder the development of new manufacturing products and processes.

Christina Villena, vice president of risk solutions, The Hanover Insurance Group, said the main risk of using cobots is bodily injury to their human coworkers. These cobots are robots that share a physical workspace and interact with humans. To overcome the problem of potential injury, Villena said, cobots are placed in safety cages or use force-limited technology to prevent hazardous contact.

“With advancements in technology, such as the Cloud, there are going to be a host of cyber and other risks associated with them.” — David Carlson, U.S. manufacturing and automobile practice leader, Marsh

“Technology must be in place to prevent cobots from exerting excessive force against a human or exposing them to hazardous tools or chemicals,” she said. “Traditional robots operate within a safety cage to prevent dangerous contact. Failure or absence of these guards has led to injuries and even fatalities.”

The increasing use of interconnected devices and the Cloud to control and collect data from industrial control systems can also leave manufacturers exposed to hacking, said David Carlson, Marsh’s U.S. manufacturing and automobile practice leader. Given the relatively new nature of cyber as a risk, however, he said coverage is still a gray area that must be assessed further.

“With advancements in technology, such as the Cloud, there are going to be a host of cyber and other risks associated with them,” he said. “Therefore, companies need to think beyond the traditional risks, such as workers’ compensation and product liability.”

Another threat, said Bill Spiers, vice president, risk control consulting practice leader, Lockton Companies, is any malfunction of the software used to operate cobots. Then there is the machine not being able to cope with the increased workload when production is ramped up, he said.

“If your software goes wrong, it can stop the machine working or indeed the whole manufacturing process,” he said. “[Or] you might have a worker who is paid by how much they can produce in an hour who decides to turn up the dial, causing the machine to go into overdrive and malfunction.”

Potential Solutions

Spiers said risk managers need to produce a heatmap of their potential exposures in the workplace attached to the use of cobots in the manufacturing process, including safety and business interruption. This can also extend to cyber liability, he said.

“You need to understand the risk, if it’s controllable and, indeed, if it’s insurable,” he said. “By carrying out a full risk assessment, you can determine all of the relevant issues and prioritize them accordingly.”

By using collective learning to understand these issues, Joseph Mayo, president, JW Mayo Consulting, said companies can improve their safety and manufacturing processes.

“Companies need to work collaboratively as an industry to understand this new technology and the problems associated with it.” — Joseph Mayo, president, JW Mayo Consulting

“Companies need to work collaboratively as an industry to understand this new technology and the problems associated with it,” Mayo said. “They can also use detective controls to anticipate these issues and react accordingly by ensuring they have the appropriate controls and coverage in place to deal with them.”

Advertisement




Manufacturing risks today extend beyond traditional coverage, like workers’ compensation, property, equipment breakdown, automobile, general liability and business interruption, to new risks, such as cyber liability.

It’s key to use a specialized broker and carrier with extensive knowledge and experience of the industry’s unique risks.

Stacie Graham, senior vice president and general manager, Liberty Mutual’s national insurance central division, said there are five key steps companies need to take to protect themselves and their employees against these risks. They include teaching them how to use the equipment properly, maintaining the same high quality of product and having a back-up location, as well as having the right contractual insurance policy language in place and plugging any potential coverage gaps.

“Risk managers need to work closely with their broker and carrier to make sure that they have the right contractual controls in place,” she said. “Secondly, they need to carry out on-site visits to make sure that they have the right safety practices and to identify the potential claims that they need to mitigate against.” &

Alex Wright is a U.K.-based business journalist, who previously was deputy business editor at The Royal Gazette in Bermuda. You can reach him at [email protected]