Risk Insider: Terri Rhodes

2017 Forecasts for Absence and Disability

By: | January 25, 2017 • 3 min read
Terri L. Rhodes is CEO of the Disability Management Employer Coalition. Terri was an Absence and Disability Management Consultant for Mercer, and also served as Director of Absence and Disability for Health Net and Corporate IDM Program Manager for Abbott Laboratories.

Paid Family Leave

2016 was the year of paid family leave. While the chance of change at the federal level is unlikely, paid family leave remains the top absence and disability management trend of 2017. Work-life balance is especially important to younger employees, while the labor market continues to tighten. Thus, increasing numbers of large employers are offering paid parental leave as a central recruitment and retention strategy. We’ll see more of this in 2017.

Even more important, localities and states continue to pass paid family leave laws. New York City and San Francisco already have such laws. In 2016, California, New York, New Jersey, and Rhode Island were joined by the District of Columbia (D.C.) with paid leave laws. What is especially noteworthy about D.C.’s law is that it is funded by a tax on employers. The millions of dollars in revenue will be used to set up a separate department to administer the paid parental leave law. If this is imitated in other jurisdictions, it could have major ramifications for the “who pays” dimension of paid leave.

Paid Sick Leave

Over the last several years, paid sick leave laws have ranked high as a continued trend in absence management. Five states, 29 cities, two counties, and Washington, D.C. have some form of a paid sick leave law. We believe there are more to come with legislation pending in more than 25 states. Most paid leave laws offer job-protected absences and/or layer on top of other job-protected leaves, which provide a host of administrative issues. The laws themselves often differ in important ways. Those employers operating in a multi-state environment are left with an array of laws and regulations with which to comply. This will be a key issue in 2017.

Outsourcing ADA

Outsourcing absence management has steadily increased over the last several years, with ADA outsourcing now leading the way in growth. Technology has changed the cost equation. According to the 2016 DMEC Employer Leave Management Survey, even employers with fewer than 250 employees are outsourcing. The most common outsourced programs are state and federal FMLA. From FMLA, it is a natural leap to look for help managing ADA obligations. Medical information for documentation is similar for both laws. We will see this outsourcing trend continue in 2017.

Vendor Engagement

Vendor engagement emerged as a trend in 2016 and will come into its own this year with growing implementation of vendor summits.  Summits allow vendors to better learn the needs of employers and capabilities of other vendors. All concerned can step out of silos and look at absence and disability management in a holistic way. This can result in more efficiency and improved services. Summits help move relationships from “vendor” to “partner,” and we anticipate more employers will take this approach.

Workplace Mental Health

2016 witnessed both vendors and employers more focused on finding solutions to growing awareness of workplace mental health issues. At the 2016 DMEC Annual Conference, we dedicated a full-day preconference workshop to workplace mental health topics and discussion. 2017 will see even greater efforts to develop and implement behavioral health strategies. We also hope to see less stigma in mental illness.

Absence Management Professionals

Finally, we will continue to experience professionalization of absence and disability management in 2017. This has been and will continue to be driven by the growth and complexity of leave laws.  Adding value in these circumstances requires continuous learning.  Conferences, seminars, and professional designations like the new Certified Leave Management Specialist (CLMS) program give those in the field the tools to excel.

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The labor market should continue to tighten in 2017. That means richer benefits, increased employee mobility and higher costs for employers. Now more than ever, it is important for absence and disability management professionals to learn and use innovative skills and programs to help lower those costs. For those who do, 2017 should be a year of greater professional and personal rewards.

More from Risk & Insurance

More from Risk & Insurance

2017 RIMS

Resilience in Face of Cyber

New cyber model platforms will help insurers better manage aggregation risk within their books of business.
By: | April 26, 2017 • 3 min read

As insurers become increasingly concerned about the aggregation of cyber risk exposures in their portfolios, new tools are being developed to help them better assess and manage those exposures.

One of those tools, a comprehensive cyber risk modeling application for the insurance and reinsurance markets, was announced on April 24 by AIR Worldwide.

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Last year at RIMS, AIR announced the release of the industry’s first open source deterministic cyber risk scenario, subsequently releasing a series of scenarios throughout the year, and offering the service to insurers on a consulting basis.

Its latest release, ARC– Analytics of Risk from Cyber — continues that work by offering the modeling platform for license to insurance clients for internal use rather than on a consulting basis. ARC is separate from AIR’s Touchstone platform, allowing for more flexibility in the rapidly changing cyber environment.

ARC allows insurers to get a better picture of their exposures across an entire book of business, with the help of a comprehensive industry exposure database that combines data from multiple public and commercial sources.

Scott Stransky, assistant vice president and principal scientist, AIR Worldwide

The recent attacks on Dyn and Amazon Web Services (AWS) provide perfect examples of how the ARC platform can be used to enhance the industry’s resilience, said Scott Stransky, assistant vice president and principal scientist for AIR Worldwide.

Stransky noted that insurers don’t necessarily have visibility into which of their insureds use Dyn, Amazon Web Services, Rackspace, or other common internet services providers.

In the Dyn and AWS events, there was little insured loss because the downtime fell largely just under policy waiting periods.

But,” said Stransky, “it got our clients thinking, well it happened for a few hours – could it happen for longer? And what does that do to us if it does? … This is really where our model can be very helpful.”

The purpose of having this model is to make the world more resilient … that’s really the goal.” Scott Stransky, assistant vice president and principal scientist, AIR Worldwide

AIR has run the Dyn incident through its model, with the parameters of a single day of downtime impacting the Fortune 1000. Then it did the same with the AWS event.

When we run Fortune 1000 for Dyn for one day, we get a half a billion dollars of loss,” said Stransky. “Taking it one step further – we’ve run the same exercise for AWS for one day, through the Fortune 1000 only, and the losses are about $3 billion.”

So once you expand it out to millions of businesses, the losses would be much higher,” he added.

The ARC platform allows insurers to assess cyber exposures including “silent cyber,” across the spectrum of business, be it D&O, E&O, general liability or property. There are 18 scenarios that can be modeled, with the capability to adjust variables broadly for a better handle on events of varying severity and scope.

Looking ahead, AIR is taking a closer look at what Stransky calls “silent silent cyber,” the complex indirect and difficult to assess or insure potential impacts of any given cyber event.

Stransky cites the 2014 hack of the National Weather Service website as an example. For several days after the hack, no satellite weather imagery was available to be fed into weather models.

Imagine there was a hurricane happening during the time there was no weather service imagery,” he said. “[So] the models wouldn’t have been as accurate; people wouldn’t have had as much advance warning; they wouldn’t have evacuated as quickly or boarded up their homes.”

It’s possible that the losses would be significantly higher in such a scenario, but there would be no way to quantify how much of it could be attributed to the cyber attack and how much was strictly the result of the hurricane itself.

It’s very, very indirect,” said Stransky, citing the recent hack of the Dallas tornado sirens as another example. Not only did the situation jam up the 911 system, potentially exacerbating any number of crisis events, but such a false alarm could lead to increased losses in the future.

The next time if there’s a real tornado, people make think, ‘Oh, its just some hack,’ ” he said. “So if there’s a real tornado, who knows what’s going to happen.”

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Modeling for “silent silent cyber” remains elusive. But platforms like ARC are a step in the right direction for ensuring the continued health and strength of the insurance industry in the face of the ever-changing specter of cyber exposure.

Because we have this model, insurers are now able to manage the risks better, to be more resilient against cyber attacks, to really understand their portfolios,” said Stransky. “So when it does happen, they’ll be able to respond, they’ll be able to pay out the claims properly, they’ll be prepared.

The purpose of having this model is to make the world more resilient … that’s really the goal.”

Additional stories from RIMS 2017:

Blockchain Pros and Cons

If barriers to implementation are brought down, blockchain offers potential for financial institutions.

Embrace the Internet of Things

Risk managers can use IoT for data analytics and other risk mitigation needs, but connected devices also offer a multitude of exposures.

Feeling Unprepared to Deal With Risks

Damage to brand and reputation ranked as the top risk concern of risk managers throughout the world.

Reviewing Medical Marijuana Claims

Liberty Mutual appears to be the first carrier to create a workflow process for evaluating medical marijuana expense reimbursement requests.

Cyber Threat Will Get More Difficult

Companies should focus on response, resiliency and recovery when it comes to cyber risks.

RIMS Conference Held in Birthplace of Insurance in US

Carriers continue their vital role of helping insureds mitigate risks and promote safety.

Michelle Kerr is associate editor of Risk & Insurance. She can be reached at [email protected]